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What is postpartum depression?

Postpartum depression  (Postpartum Depression) is a complex mood state accompanied by physical, emotional and behavioral changes in postpartum new mothers. This can happen a few days after birth, and sometimes even months later.

Most new mothers experience postpartum melancholia after giving birth. In the state of melancholy, there are sudden mood swings, such as feeling very happy and then very sad. She may cry for no reason and feel impatient, uncomfortable, agitated, anxious, lonely, and sad. One in 10 of these women will develop more severe and long-lasting depression after giving birth. One in every thousand women develops a more serious condition called postpartum psychosis.

What causes postpartum depression?

Genetic and hormonal factors play a role in postpartum depression. After giving birth, a rapid drop in hormones occurs in the woman's blood.  As the levels of these hormones become pre-pregnancy within three days after birth, the social and psychological changes associated with having a baby increase the risk of this depression.

What are the symptoms?

 

Although the symptoms vary from person to person  lack of sleep, changes in appetite, extreme tiredness, decreased libido and ever-changing mood states can be observed.  In some women, feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness and helplessness can be observed. , thoughts of death or suicide accompany the symptoms of major depression.

 

Who is at risk?

Depression during pregnancy, young gestational age, having a dilemma in planning pregnancy, having many children, low social support, living alone and marital conflicts increase the risk.

 

How is it treated?

 

There is no need for treatment of melancholy. Untreated postpartum depression can be dangerous for new mothers and their children. Professional help should be sought if the symptoms persist for more than two weeks, are unable to cope with everyday situations, are thinking of harming themselves or the baby, or spend most of the day in a state of extreme anxiety, fear or panic.

Emotional and social support, anti-anxiety and anti-depression medications are among the treatment options. Most mothers think that they cannot use drugs during breastfeeding, but you can choose drugs suitable for breastfeeding together with your doctor.

 

What can be done to prevent it?

-Ask your parents for help and tell them how they can help you. 

- Sleep or rest when your baby sleeps.

-Be realistic in your expectations for yourself and your baby. 

-Take a walk/leave the house for a while. 

-Improve your relationship with your spouse, make time for each other. 

- Keep in touch with family and friends, do not isolate yourself.

- Limit visitors when you first go home.  

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