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WHAT IS FOLIC ACID?

 

Folic acid is a vitamin that plays a role in DNA structure and repair. Even with a healthy diet, it cannot be taken at a sufficient level with the diet during pregnancy and supplementation is absolutely necessary. Folic acid is used to prevent neural tube defects. Because with appropriate folic acid support, the risk of giving birth to a baby with a neural tube bundle is reduced by nearly 70%.

The brain and spinal cord develop through the neural tube in the later stages of pregnancy. If the neural tube is not closed, we encounter anomalies in the brain and spinal cord tissue that are incompatible with life. For this reason, folic acid supplementation is started at least 1 month before pregnancy and is used until the 12th week of pregnancy. Since the neural tube closes after the 12th week, it does not need to be used. For those without risk factors, the World Health Organization recommends 400 micrograms of folic acid. However, the daily dose of folic acid should be increased to 4 milligrams in cases of a baby with a previous neural tube defect, use of epilepsy drugs, obesity and diabetes.

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