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Expectant mothers need to pay special attention to the flu infection as the weather gets colder.

Due to the suppression of the immune system during pregnancy, the flu is more severe and lasts longer than normal. For this reason, it is vital for expectant mothers to pay attention during the cold winter months and for those in the risk group to get the flu vaccine for that year, both for their own and their baby's health.


If a flu infection occurs during pregnancy, expectant mothers should rest at home for the first two days. Sweating during the illness makes the body lose water, so at least 3 liters of fluid should be taken per day. Not only water, but also liquids such as linden, ginger teas, fresh fruit juices for vitamin support can be taken, provided that they do not exceed 5 cups. Sweating also disrupts the balance of electrolytes in the body. For this, expectant mothers can replenish the electrolytes they lost by drinking mineral mineral waters. Caffeinated drinks should be avoided as they are diuretic and increase water loss.

If it can be found both in liquid and with its antioxidant properties, watermelon, white and red cabbage are beneficial for body resistance because they contain glutamine, which strengthens the immune system. It is also beneficial to consume other foods that increase body resistance, namely fruits containing vitamin C, broccoli, spinach, sweet potatoes and garlic. All consumed vegetables, fruits and liquids will increase the resistance of the expectant mothers against the disease and will be beneficial in the fight against the flu.

If no precautions are taken against the flu, a fever higher than 39 degrees in the first 3 months of pregnancy can cause miscarriage. When faced with high fever, expectant mothers should take a warm shower and apply wet dressings to the forehead and joints. However, if the fever does not decrease, drugs containing paracetamol should be used. In case of complaints such as colored sputum, severe cough, chest pain, a doctor should be consulted immediately and antibiotics should be taken under the supervision of a doctor if necessary. In order to avoid sore throats, care should be taken to ensure that the inhaled air is dry and fluid consumption should be increased.


The only and most effective way to prevent serious complications related to the flu is the flu vaccine. Especially pregnant women with heart disease, asthma and diabetes should not neglect their flu vaccines. Antibodies developed in the mother after vaccination will pass to some baby and protect him/her against flu in the first months of his/her life. Since the flu vaccine does not contain live viruses, there is no harm in using it during pregnancy. The flu vaccine can also be given safely to breastfeeding mothers. The vaccine is administered through the arm as an intramuscular injection. 


Things to Consider to Overcome the Flu Mildly During Pregnancy

  • It is important not to get sick rather than treatment, and it is protective not to stay in closed places for long during epidemic periods and to wash hands frequently and wear a mask.

  • The best and most effective supportive treatment is bed rest. Keeping the head up while lying down (sleeping with 2 or more pillows) will also reduce the discomfort of postnasal drip.

  • Drying of the air should be prevented, it should be moist and provided, the environment should be well ventilated.

  • Adequate fluid intake is extremely important.

  • Nutrition should be paid attention to during illness.

  • Salt water or ocean water can be used for nasal congestion.

  • When the symptoms resolve, normal activities should not be resumed immediately, and rest should be continued for a while for a complete recovery.

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