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Is sugar overload dangerous during pregnancy?


Pregnancy; It is a condition that tends to become diabetic as a result of the change in the response of the woman to the hormone insulin.

The role of insulin; transporting glucose from the blood to cells to be used for energy. During pregnancy, the body becomes insulin resistant. The aim is to provide a high blood glucose level and to provide adequate nutrition to the baby by keeping the glucose in the blood. To overcome this resistance, more insulin is produced. In some pregnant women with diabetic tendency, this increase in insulin level cannot keep the blood glucose level at a normal value and gestational diabetes develops. Since this intolerance disorder usually occurs in the last 3 months, the gestational diabetes test is performed between 24 and 28 weeks of gestation.

Reputable societies in the world and in our country definitely recommend the sugar loading test. However, the recent, unfortunately, unscientific criticisms in our country have left both expectant mothers and doctors in a difficult situation. However, current scientific data emphasizes the need for a glucose tolerance test during pregnancy.

Diabetes screening in pregnancy can be done with 50 g or 75 g glucose.


If the blood sugar is above 140 in the 1st hour after 50 g loading, 100 g glucose loading, which is a diagnostic test, is started. In the diagnostic test with 100 gr;

Hunger > 95

1st hour >180

2nd hour >155

3. hour >140  If 2 of these values are positive, gestational diabetes is diagnosed.


The test with 75 gr is both a screening and diagnostic test.

Hunger > 92

1st hour >182

2nd hour > 153 The positivity of any of these values makes the diagnosis of gestational diabetes.


      _cc781905-5cde-3194- ccde-3194- 136bad_531365cf -bb3b-136bad5cf58d_ Risk of large baby, birth traumas and cesarean delivery in babies with gestational diabetes, premature birth etc. There may be respiratory distress in the newborn baby and low blood sugar in the newborn baby. In addition, complications such as Type 2 diabetes predisposition, stillbirth or death in a short time after birth may occur in advancing ages.

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