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Skin Care During Pregnancy



Pregnancy is a complicated process with many hormonal changes. Physiological skin changes that occur during pregnancy are the result of this hormonal change.


Many physiological skin findings such as stria gravidarum (pregnancy-related stretch marks), chloasma (pregnancy-related spotting), hair and nail changes can be observed during pregnancy.


Pregnancy-related stretch marks are most common in the abdomen, but can also appear on the breasts, legs, and arms. It occurs due to the destruction of elastin and collagen due to excessive tension of the skin. Pregnancy stretch marks, in which genetic factors play an important role, are usually seen in the last 3 months, but they can start to be seen from the 12th week of pregnancy. Not gaining excess weight, regular exercise and drinking plenty of water are important to prevent and/or reduce the formation of pregnancy stretch marks. However, it is important to moisturize the skin at a sufficient level. There are many products on the market that prevent pregnancy stretch marks. The important thing is to provide adequate skin hydration with natural additive-free products. Aloe vera oil, coconut oil, almond oil are a few of them.


Chloasma, also known as pregnancy mask, is the name given to skin darkening that occurs during pregnancy. The brown line (linea nigra) that runs from the navel to the vulva is one of the common signs of chloasma seen in many pregnant women. Linea nigra 4-5. It occurs in the last few months and regresses after pregnancy.


Pregnancy-related skin spots can also be seen on the face, especially in light-skinned pregnant women. At this point, sun protection becomes even more important. It is recommended that expectant mothers use sunscreen with a factor of at least 30. Inside; should not use sunscreens containing substances such as homosalate octocrylene, oxyben and paraben. Sunscreen should be applied at least 20 minutes before going out in the sun, and should be repeated every 2 hours.

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