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GENITAL WARTS (CONDYLOMA) IN WOMEN

 

Genital warts are signs of sexually transmitted HPV (Human papillomavirus) infection in the genital area.

They are individual or raised formations on the small or large lips, at the entrance to the vagina or in the anal area, in the same color as the skin or in a darker color.

 

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF GENITAL WARTS AND HOW IS IT TRANSMITTED?

 

The most contagious and most common infection is Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). There are more than 200 types of HPV virus. Most of these types cause genital warts (condyloma) mostly in types 6 and 11 in men and women.

 

Sexual intercourse is the most common and most well-known mode of transmission. Apart from this, HPV can be transmitted by friction without full vaginal intercourse and by skin contact with surfaces (towels, toilets, personal belongings, pool, Turkish bath, etc.) that carry viruses, although very rarely.

People with genital HPV infection can transmit the infection to 70% of their partners.

70-90% of HPV infections are temporary and over 90% are eradicated within 2 years if the immune system is strong. Apart from the immune system, nutrition, sleep patterns, stress, etc. also determine the eradication of the virus.

 

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

 

genital wart; In the genital area, it gives symptoms in the form of skin-colored or darker skin surface bumps. These bumps can be small one by one, or they can grow in size and appear in the form of cauliflower. Warts can merge with each other and completely cover the genital area, and they can disappear spontaneously in 30% of the patients.

 

HOW IS DIAGNOSED?

 

Diagnosis can be made easily with physical examination, sometimes biopsy may be required.

 

DOES GENITAL WARTS CAUSE CANCER?

 

HPV types responsible for genital warts are low-risk types  and do not cause cancer. But high-risk HPV can be found alongside low-risk HPV. For this reason, it is essential to evaluate the presence of high-risk HPV by HPV genotype test in patients with genital warts.

 

 

WHAT CAN BE USED IN THE TREATMENT?

 

Genital wart treatment with local ointments

Genital wart burning (Electrocautery)

Freezing the wart (Cryotherapy)

surgical removal of genital wart

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