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Uterus AWhat is Oral Cancer Screening?

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women. Cervical cancer is a screenable and preventable cancer because it has a long pre-cancerous period. Cervical cancer occurs when cervical cells lose their normal structure and begin to grow and multiply uncontrollably. Before cervical cancer develops, it can be intervened before it reaches the stage of cervical cancer with the appropriate management of early cell changes in the cervix.

cervical cancer; smear and/or HPV (human papilloma virus) tests.

99% of women with cervical cancer have HPV positivity, but HPV positivity alone is not enough.


Cervical cancer screening should begin at age 21. Screening is not recommended for those under the age of twenty-one. Women should start screening with the PAP smear test after the age of 21. For women older than 30, there are three types of screening options:

1- PAP smear test every three years
2- PAP smear and HPV test every five years
3- HPV test every five years.

After the age of 65, screening is stopped in women with normal last 3 smear tests and not at high risk.

Postoperative screening is not required unless there is a history of high-grade precancerous lesions in women who have had their uterus and cervix removed.

How is the PAP Smear test done?

The PAP smear test is a screening test in which cells in the cervix are evaluated microscopically and can detect abnormal cellular changes. For the PAP smear test, the woman is taken to the examination table and the cervix is made visible with an instrument called "speculum" inserted into the vagina. After the cervix becomes visible, the brush is applied to the cervix and the cells in the cervix are painlessly removed and placed in a specially prepared liquid and sent to the pathology laboratory for examination.

PAP smear test; It is not done during menstruation, in the presence of vaginal infection and if sexual intercourse has occurred in the last 48 hours.

The HPV test, on the other hand, is painlessly taken from the cervix via a swab, similar to the PAP smear test, and sent to the relevant laboratory.

Additional examination (colposcopy) or more frequent follow-up may be required if an abnormal result is found in the PAP smear and/or HPV tests.

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