top of page

10 Foods to Avoid for a Healthy Pregnancy


Adequate and balanced nutrition during pregnancy not only affects the mother's body and health, but also directly affects the baby. During this period, the nutrients taken by the mother are transferred to the fetus through the placenta and the fetus meets its energy needs through these nutrients. In order for the baby to achieve organ development, the mother must both make the right food choices and take these nutrients into her body in the right amounts. Therefore, although adequate and balanced nutrition is important at all stages of life, it becomes even more important during pregnancy.

In this article, I wanted to summarize 10 foods that you should avoid during pregnancy.


1- Poorly washed vegetables and fruits: Many bacterial and parasitic infections from poorly washed vegetables and fruits can affect the pregnant woman. All fruits and vegetables should either be soaked in vinegar water or washed by rinsing under running water several times.


2- Poorly cooked meat and eggs: Toxoplasma infection can be seen with the consumption of poorly cooked meat. Toxoplasma infection may cause congenital anomalies or miscarriage during pregnancy. Again, delicatessen products should not be consumed during pregnancy as they are mostly raw. It is also inconvenient to consume eggs before they are cooked well. In this case, the risk of Salmonella infection increases and there may be food poisoning such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea during pregnancy  findings.


3-Fish containing high levels of mercury: Fish should be consumed twice a week during pregnancy due to its omega-3 content. However, it is harmful to consume some fish species in large quantities due to their mercury content. Tuna and swordfish contain high levels of mercury. High intake of mercury is toxic to the nervous system, immune system and kidneys. Tuna and swordfish should not be consumed more than a few times a month during pregnancy.


4- Cheese made from unpasteurized milk: There is a risk of Listeria infection with the consumption of cheese made from unpasteurized milk. This can cause miscarriage, congenital anomalies or premature birth in pregnant women.


5- Excessive caffeine consumption: Pregnant women can take up to 200 mg of caffeine per day. There is caffeine in tea, coffee, green tea, granulated/filtered coffee and chocolate. Six to eight glasses of light tea or 2 cups of Turkish coffee or 2 cups of granulated/filtered coffee correspond to this level. Pregnant women should limit their daily caffeine intake within these limits.


7- Alcohol: Alcohol consumption is not appropriate during pregnancy, especially in the first 12 weeks.


8- Some herbal teas: Excessive consumption of sage, basil, mother-of-pearl and thyme teas can cause contractions in the uterus and as a result, miscarriage and premature birth. In addition, it should be kept in mind that green tea also contains caffeine. Linden and rosehip are teas that can be safely consumed during pregnancy.


9- Offal and raw fish: Offal and raw seafood are food groups where bacterial growth is very risky. It should not be consumed during pregnancy due to the risk of infection.


10- Foods with high sugar content: Pregnancy is a condition that paves the way for diabetes by its nature. Uncontrolled consumption of foods with high sugar content can disrupt blood sugar control. It is necessary to limit the consumption of products containing refined sugar and also fruit during pregnancy. Daily fruit consumption should be limited to 2-3 servings during pregnancy.

bottom of page