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PROTECTION WITH SPIRAL

 

 

Spiral, that is, intrauterine device, is the most frequently used contraception method in our country and in the world. The classic copper spiral is T-shaped, surrounded by copper, and is usually applied inside the uterus during menstruation. Before applying the spiral, a routine gynecological examination is required, because in some special cases it is inconvenient to use the spiral.

The contraceptive mechanism of the spiral; It is to prevent the sperm from meeting with the egg by creating a foreign body reaction in the uterus, or to prevent it from adhering to the inner surface of the uterus if the sperm has merged with the egg and fertilization has occurred. Anesthesia is not required when attaching the spiral. The protection period of the spiral is 5-10 years on average. Women who use spirals have a pregnancy risk of less than 1% like other contraception methods. It can be applied even if there is no menstrual bleeding when the postpartum puerperium is over. Apart from the copper spiral, there are also spirals containing progesterone hormone, which are used in the treatment of some gynecological pathologies, apart from contraception.

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